Depression – A Quick Overview
Depression may affect a persons ability to interact with other people and perform day-to-day activities. Depression may cause many health risks such as insomnia, excessive weight loss, physical and mental fatigue, loss of energy and suicidal tendencies.
Medical researchers around the world who has studied this condition believe that the condition can be genetic and can sometimes skip generations. Depression can also be caused due to a chemical imbalance in the brain. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that passes messages from one part of the brain to another. It affects a persons habits as well as behavior. An imbalance in its levels, will cause changes in behavior. These depression symptoms are just a couple of the possible causes of the condition, however there is no conclusive evidence that these physical symptoms are the underlying cause of a persons condition. Theses symptoms are often accompanied by other traumatic events in a persons life.
There are many other factors that may cause a persons depression. Past events that may have occurred during childhood could affect a persons emotional state. These events may cause the person to become reclusive and reduce interaction with other people. This may cause feelings of loneliness and isolation. There are certain medical conditions such as panic attacks and other depression symptoms that may severely affect ones ability to handle emotionally painful situations. Drugs like cocaine and marijuana can cause paranoia and depression especially once the effects of the drugs wear off.
Depression – Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
There are many types of depression. Diagnosis include, clinical depression or major depressive disorder (MDD), bipolar disorder, manic depression and dysthymia. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a state in which the person suffers low mood, low self-esteem, and lethargy. The sufferer often loses interest in performing activities, normally enjoyable. Depression is consuming and affects a persons personal and professional life. Analysis is usually handled by observing the patient and his or her lifestyle. Depressed people have a shorter life span than those without a condition due to a greater susceptibility to medical illnesses and suicide. Antidepressants, therapy or counseling are a few of the treatments available for depression.
Dysthymia, a form of chronic depression, is less severe than Major depressive disorder (MDD). As it is a chronic depression disorder, many patients suffering with Dysthymia accept it as a part of their life and may not choose to seek medical help. Research has shown that people suffering from Dysthymia would also suffer from a chronic illness and/or suffer from drug addiction or alcoholism. Antidepressants, mood stabilizers, or anti-anxiety medication are forms of treatment of Dysthymia.
Bipolar disorder or manic depression is a state in which one suffers through highs and lows continuously. One may have elevated moods followed by episodes of depression, which are interrupted by episodes of normalcy. Dangerous behavior, violent mood swings, depression and suicidal tendencies are a part of bipolar disorder and in severe cases may become a threat to others. Treatment can range from antidepressants and mood stabilizers to involuntary commitment (for those whose depression may pose a threat to themselves as well as to others). Feelings of sadness, guilt, delusion, anger and hopelessness are some of the symptoms of bipolar disorder. If left untreated, these episodes lead to severe depression.
Please learn more about depression.
We have all had a bad day now and then, but where is the line drawn between a bad day and losing the zest for life? I realized where that line was drawn one winter’s day when I sat alone in my apartment on the brink of suicide. I wondered where I lost myself, wanting to find the person I used to be but believing she would never be found again. I wanted my perfect life, my husband, my son and my home back but felt they were lost forever, and I damned the day the dark demon known as depression invaded my life and robbed me of my existence. This is my true story leaving nothing untold. It is not just about the scars depression has left upon my soul, it is also the loving and inspirational story of my wonderful Sicilian family and my journey back home.